By Billie Jean Collins
This identify matters man's touch with the animal international: sacrifice, sacred animals, vitamin, and domestication. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry display an image of the complicated relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals.
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Extra info for A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
Zeuner 1963; Hatt 1959). According to its appearance in a number of representations, it was related, if not identical, to the Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), which formerly ranged over much of South and Southeast Asia. Its presence in the Near East is attested in Egyptian and Assyrian accounts of royal hunts, but upon its demise, provision of ivory into southwestern Asia must have shifted to the African elephant (Loxodonta africand). Remains of an extinct, dwarfed pygmy elephant (Elephas Cypriotes) are known from several sites on Cyprus (Caloi et al.
Today's wolves prefer open areas, hunting mostly small wildlife at night either singly, in pairs, or in small packs, but occasionally scavenging in human middens or attacking livestock. One intriguing observation made of some Near Eastern wolves is their disinclination to howl, a practice perhaps explained by the steep pressure gradients and strong winds of the desert 1. THE NATIVE FAUNA 27 night that prevent sound from carrying any substantial distance (Joslin 1982). Canid skeletons have been recovered from several Epipaleolithic Natufian graves in which the animals were interred together with deceased humans.
Ecological requirements of wild species can provide clues about their potential range in former times, but dispersal 8 ALLAN S. GILBERT patterns must be confirmed using harder evidence. While ancient written sources and artistic representations frequently provide valuable details about the physical appearance of animals, the uses to which they were put by humans, and sometimes their zoogeographic spread, the most reliable information comes from skeletal debris buried within the layers of archaeological sites.
A History of the Animal World in the Ancient Near East (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Billie Jean Collins